Geography of Kenya


Kenya map

Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania

Capital: Nairobi

Size: slightly more than twice the size of Nevada

Population: 41,070,934 (July 2011 est.)

Terrain: low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west

Climate: varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior


Kenya flag

Flag symbolism: three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green; the red band is edged in white; a large Maasai warrior’s shield covering crossed spears is superimposed at the center; black symbolizes the majority population, red the blood shed in the struggle for freedom, green stands for natural wealth, and white for peace; the shield and crossed spears symbolize the defense of freedom

National Anthem:

National Anthem – lyrics in English and Swahili

Lesson Plan Ideas for Geography of Kenya:

  1. Check it out on Google Earth!
  2. Distribute copies of the map of Africa. Have students locate, label, and color the country of Kenya. Have them mark the capital with a star and label it.
  3. Students can create a brochure of Kenya, which should include information such as location, population, terrain, climate, size, flag, etc.
  4. Students can listen to the National Anthem
  5. Have students create a poster that includes the flag of Kenya as well as what the symbols and colors mean.
  6. Check out more information online